Chemicals

Hydrochloric Acid

Hydrochloric Acid is a clear, slightly yellowish and steaming liquid, with a strong and unique odor. Its concentration (in weight) is approximately 32% (industrial grade) and 37% (TA/laboratories grade). It is sold in bulk and transported in duly lined tanker trucks.

Manufacture Process: Cubatão Plant

Hydrochloric Acid is formed when Chlorine and Hydrogen are burnt, both of which are generated by brine electrolysis. After combustion, the resulting Hydrogen Chloride (gas) is absorbed in water. At that point, Hydrochloric Acid with an approximate concentration of 32% can be obtained.

This process is called Synthesis Process.

Manufacture Process: Santo André Plant

Hydrochloric Acid is obtained when burning organochlorinated compounds generated in Dichloroethane production process, transforming them into Hydrogen Chloride, carbon dioxide and water. Combustion gases are eliminated to produce Hydrochloric Acid.

This process is called Thermal Oxidation.

Applications

Water and sewage treatment coagulants manufacture:

  • Chlorides (fertilizers/agrochemicals) and chemical intermediates manufacture.
  • Chemical processes in the general industry (oil extraction, acid fission/biodiesel, starch and protein hydrolysis, pH correction).
  • Metal surfaces striping – steel and metallurgical industries.
  • It is also used in mineral flotation and processing, ion-exchange resins regeneration, effluents neutralization, acidic activation of clays, hydrolysis of cellulose, etc.

Other related products

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Sodium Hypochlorite Reactor

 Hypochlorite is produced by a reaction between gaseous Chlorine and a Caustic soda solution being cooled down.

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EDC Reactor

EDC (Dichloroethane) is obtained through a reaction between liquid chlorine and ethylene (inserted through a tube) and it is purified by distillation.


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Hydrochloric Acid Reaction Furnace

Hydrochloric acid is produced by a controlled combustion reaction of Chlorine and hydrogen, followed by absorption in treated water.

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Evaporation

Caustic soda is produced by electrolysis and reduced through the evaporation process.

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Cooling

 Then, the Soda is cooled down and stored in tanks, before being shipped.

Phases

(8) Cooling Chlorine

(9) Chlorine Withdrawal

(10) Chlorine Compression

(8) The produced gaseous chlorine is cooled down, (9) dried out and (10) compressed. After being compressed, it turns into a liquid state at low temperature.


Stages

(3) Treatment

(4) Filtration

(5) Control

(3) The PICKLE is about eliminating foreign bodies; it is filtered (4) and undergoes a strict control (5) before feeding the ELECTROLYTIC CELLS.

Etapas

(3) Tratamiento

(4) Filtración

(5) Control

(3) La salmuera se trata para eliminar impurezas, se filtra (4) y pasa por un estricto control (5) para alimentar las CÉLULAS ELECTROLÍTICAS.

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Start

If there are salt (sodium chloride) and water in stock, you need to supply our transformers with electricity.

Etapas


(11) Licuefacción de Cloro

(12) Almacenamiento de Cloro

(11) El cloro en esta forma se almacena en tanques (12) donde se carga en camiones especiales

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Sala de Celdas

La ELECTRÓLISIS tiene lugar en la celda. Y así, la energía eléctrica actúa sobre la salmuera y la transforma en SODA CÁUSTICA, CLORO E HIDRÓGENO.

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Evaporação

A Soda Cáustica é produzida na eletrólise e concentrada pelo processo de evaporação.

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Cell Room

The ELECTROLYSIS takes place in the cell. This way, electric energy acts on the brine and transforms it into CAUSTIC SODA, CHLORINE AND HYDROGEN.

Etapas

(3) Tratamento

(4) Filtração

(5) Controle

(3) A SALMOURA é tratada para eliminar impurezas, filtrada (4) e passa sob um rigoroso controle (5) para alimentar as CÉLULAS ELETROLÍTICAS.

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Pickle

Next, prepare the PICKLE obtained from dissolving the salt in the water to use afterwards in the ELECTROLYSIS.

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